While there is no cure for myopia, significant advancements have been made in myopia management. Several methods have shown promise in slowing the progression of myopia in younger patients, reducing their level of prescription and long-term risks.
Yonge Eyes Optometry currently offers several treatment options and works closely with you and your child to customize the treatment plan to your child’s unique needs.
Atropine Eye Drops
Low-dose atropine eye drops have been shown to effectively slow myopia progression in children. The exact mechanism for it works is complex, but experts think atropine binds the growth receptors in the eyes, inhibiting the elongation of the eye that causes myopia.
Multifocal Contact Lenses
Multifocal contact lenses have been shown to slow the progression of myopia in children. These lenses are shaped like a bullseye and focus direct light and peripheral light on the retina, prompting the eye to stop growing.
Orthokeratology (Ortho-K) Contact Lenses
Orthokeratology lenses are rigid gas-permeable contact lenses designed to be worn overnight and removed in the morning. The lenses flatten the central cornea, temporarily improving eyesight when the lenses are taken out, removing the need for corrective lenses during the day.
The compression from the lenses also encourages the mid-peripheral cornea to thicken, creating myopic defocus. This defocus is believed to inhibit axial lengthening of the eye, slowing myopia progression overall.